Accelerating progress towards ending hunger and malnutrition requires evidence to guide effective and efficient policies, programs, and implementation. Browse our collection of key evidence, lessons learned, tools, and more, and feel free to suggest a resource. We look forward to discussing these and learning more about the latest evidence and innovative ideas in Bangkok!
A study of behavior change communication in Bangladesh by Cornell and IFPRI researchers presents three main findings: (1) this type of communication improves knowledge on infant and young child nutrition substantially in the first year of intervention, (2) the increase in knowledge between the 1st and 2nd year is smaller, (3) knowledge persists: there are no significant decreases in knowledge 6-10 months after the communication activities ended.
This site has several articles on eradicating hunger based on the postdoc research done at Brandeis University in 2016/17. It mostly focuses on rebuilding the food regime at local level protecting the indigenous food practices and cultures.
The objective of this work was to investigate the use of Palm Male Inflorescence (PMI) and river-sand as substrate for the acclimatization of plantain. This study clearly show that PMI can be a viable substrate to use with sand in plantlet acclimatization; however, the different plant cultivars had optimal result at different proportions of PMI.
Policy and governance issues related to food and nutrition security are becoming increasingly complex but inadequate responses to food crises reveal the need for nations to strengthen global planning and coordination of policy on food, nutrition, and agriculture.
HARVEST is a public archive of research publications, datasets, manuals and training materials, videos, the WorldVeg library catalog, and more. Many documents and materials in HARVEST can be freely downloaded for use, reuse or distribution.
Creating maps of data ecosystems can help us to understand and explain where and how the use of data creates value. A data ecosystem map can help to identify the key roles and the relationships between them. When we understand flows of data and value creation, we can create more unified approaches to agriculture and nutrition issues through good data management, data sharing, and collaboration amongst all actors.
The African Union launched the Africa Agriculture Transformation Scorecard (AATS)--a revolutionary new tool to drive agricultural productivity and development--and presented the Inaugural Biennial Review Report on the implementation of the June 2014 Malabo Declaration on Accelerated Agricultural Growth and Transformation for Shared Prosperity and Improved Livelihoods.
Much more than a palindrome, MapSPAM shares results from the Spatial Production Allocation Model (SPAM) by IFPRI. This site is a platform where users can access SPAM data and contribute feedback to its development.
This global report is intended to serve as a reference framework that Member States and stakeholders can consult as they move forward to realize livestock’s major potential contribution to the 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development.
Blogpost on an IFPRI study, published in the Journal of Nutrition, that provides insights in shaping policies targeting iron deficiency and anemia. It investigates whether nutritional status and cognitive ability of adolescents belonging to disadvantaged households can be improved by consuming food rather than pills.
A food systems approach (FSA) is a useful interdisciplinary conceptual framework for research and policy aimed at sustainable solutions for the sufficient supply of healthy food. An FSA analyses the relationships between the different parts of the food system and the outcomes of activities within the system in socio-economic and environmental/climate terms. Feedback loops are a distinguishing factor in systems thinking: they occur between parts of the food chain (production, processing, distribution and consumption) and from the socio-economic and environmental outcomes of food production and consumption (such as food security and soil depletion) back to that production and consumption. The FSA sheds light on non-linear processes in the food system, and on possible trade-offs between policy objectives. Systems thinking also broadens the perspective when seeking solutions for the root causes of problems such as poverty, malnutrition and climate change. The framework offers at least three benefits. First, it provides a checklist of topics that should at the very least be addressed when it comes to improving food security, certainly in relation to other policy objectives. Second, FSA helps to map the impact of environmental and climate changes on food security by pointing to the various vulnerabilities of the food system. In that sense the approach can contribute to the search for possibilities for strengthening the system’s resilience to climate changes. Third, it helps to determine the most limiting factors for achieving food security, and hence identify effective interventions aimed at improving food security.
We use a two‐year panel's data from Laos to examine whether farm production diversity as well as a mixed crop‐livestock farming system improves household dietary diversity among smallholder farmer. The results indicate that although farm production diversity does lead to a higher dietary diversity, the effect diminishes with continued farm diversification and that purchasing food from the markets plays an important role in enhancing the dietary diversity of rural smallholder farmers.
A Policy Note to examine the trends in undernutrition in Chhattisgarh and to document trends and regional variability in the major determinants of nutrition and the coverage of key nutrition and health interventions.
This work is part of the Bakery for tomorrow and ECO Bakery for Friendly Environments projects, which focus on producing safe food, achieve zero hunger and a healthy environment to support the SDG 2030. In Thailand, the problem of soil pollution is rising, due to the use of agrochemicals that can have harmful effects on humans, both farmers and consumers, and on the environment, as well as on the rice, which is the main food in Asia. To tackle this problem and improve soil quality, several agricultural methods are proposed, such as organic agriculture and and crop rotation, which also have benefits on food safety and the environment. This research proposes the use of organic fertilizers, such as legumes, prior to planting the rice, thus ensuring the safety of the ingredients for bakery and safety rice for human consumption.
Workings crop groups in Nepal, agrobiodiversity conservation and use practices with to assess diversity at species and sub species levels, to develop and understand basis of grouping agricultural plant genetic resources (APGRs) (formal, commercial, primary, major, cereals, NUS, winter, plantation, etc), to share research advances and develop future strategy, to develop guiding documents for researchers and policy makers and to review and document status and scope of APGRs (APGRs means cover Kingdom Plantae).
The Innovation Network Feeding Cities brought together four Dutch experts from government, research and development practice in a roundtable discussion. Key topic for the afternoon was how the Dutch agro-food sector can better engage with growing cities in emerging economies that face a host of problems including worsening diets and unequal access to healthy foods. The complex situation combined with its large scale provide ideal circumstances for the innovative Dutch sector to tailor its high-tech and high-org solutions to local circumstances. Our podcast host Andy Clark interviews two of the participants, Ruerd Ruben of Wageningen University and Henk van Duijn of the BoP Innovation Center, to learn more about the key challenges on the horizon and solutions that may prove key to feeding the world by 2050.
Success in reducing monetary poverty in Southeast Asia has not fully translated into reduction in malnutrition. Using a two-year panel data from one province each in Thailand, Lao PDR and Vietnam, we study the correlation between monetary poverty and nutritional outcomes of children under five. Furthermore, we compare nutritional outcomes of children below five between rural and peri-urban areas. We apply ordinary least squares and district fixed-effects regressions and find that child nutrition remains a problem in rural areas across Southeast Asia despite achievements in poverty alleviation. Results reveal that although the households in the poorest quintile in both rural and peri-urban areas spend less on food; only the rural children are more likely to be stunted or underweight. It underscores the importance of investment in medical facilities near rural vicinities.
This paper provides a short critique of some approaches to estimating the benefits of investments in child nutrition and then presents an alternative set of estimates based on different core data. These new estimates reinforce the basic conclusions of the existing literature: the economic value of reducing undernutrition in undernourished populations is likely to be substantial.
This policy brief explains the double burden of malnutrition now facing many countries worldwide – characterized by the coexistence of undernutrition along with overweight, obesity or diet-related noncommunicable diseases.
Study by researchers from Cornell, the University of Maryland, and IFPRI finds that behavior change communication to improve infant and young child nutrition in rural Bangladesh reaches beyond participating mothers and impacts neighbors.
This article debunks four myths about women in agriculture: that they (1) are poor, (2) produce most of the food, (3) own basically no land, and (4) are better stewards of the environment. The article calls for collecting and using better data to capture the variation in the roles and status of women to develop effective policies to promote food security.
Urbanization is moving fastest in Africa south of the Sahara, with major implications for food security and other governance challenges. Large urban poor populations rely heavily on the informal economy for accessible, affordable food, but food security policies in urban Africa face institutional, administrative, and political challenges.
IFCT 2017 is a unique scientific tool that has been constructed completely with data derived from actual chemical analysis of over 150 nutrients and bioactive substances for each of the 526 composite food samples. The IFCT 2017 is a body of food composition data representative of both the national food supply and consumption patterns derived separately for six regions of the country.
Poverty, food insecurity, and malnutrition become increasingly urban problems as urban populations expand everywhere. Persistent child undernutrition, stubborn micronutrient deficiencies, and an alarming rise in overweight and obesity in urban areas mark the shift of the burden of malnutrition from rural areas to cities. In addition, the urban poor face a challenging food environment.
Achieving the food security, nutrition and sustainable agriculture goals by 2030 requires a coordinated set of actions on a number of fronts: coherent policies and programmes, an increase of investments in line with national priorities and greater collaboration across different sectors and stakeholders.
It is in this context that FAO and the EU, through the “Food and Nutrition Security Impact, Resilience, Sustainability and Transformation” (FIRST) programme are supporting governments and their development partners in creating a policy and institutional environment that is conducive to the achievement of SDG2.
The FIRST’s Policy Guidance Notes series, ensures that policy makers have the support they need to understand how sectoral issues affect food security and nutrition and to recognise how to incorporate these considerations into their policies.
What policy changes are needed in sector policies to achieve food security and nutrition objectives? What are the challenges and how can we address them? Using a stepwise approach, these guidance notes support policy advisors and decision-makers in addressing these questions and integrating food security and nutrition as a key objective in relevant sector policies.
The No Wasted Lives Coalition is investing in cutting edge ideas to drive forward global learning and action on acute malnutrition. As part of this effort, in 2018, No Wasted Lives and the Council of Research & Technical Advice (CORTASAM) launched the global Research Agenda for Acute Malnutrition and a call for Expressions of Interest from organisations working in research and programming for acute malnutrition and who want to support this effort. Our aim is to support coordination and concrete action across the sector, filling critical gaps and scaling-up evidence-based prevention and treatment of acute malnutrition.
A study of rural households in Ethiopia finds children’s dietary diversity improves when households produce more diverse crops. It concludes that nutrition-sensitive agricultural interventions that push for market integration are likely to be more effective in reducing undernutrition than those promoting production diversity.
Compact2025 and partners organized one-day roundtable discussions in Bangladesh, Ethiopia, Malawi, and Rwanda to set the critical groundwork for assessing how to accelerate progress to end hunger and undernutrition in each country by 2025. The roundtables identified
key knowledge, policy, and implementation gaps as well as opportunities, synergies, and priority areas for action.
The International Symposium will explore policies and programme options for shaping the food systems in ways that deliver foods for a healthy diet, focusing on concrete country experiences and challenges.
Smallholder farmers have a vital role to play in global food security and nutrition, and in supporting a range of development and climate change
goals. Strengthening the resilience and commercial viability of these farmers, particularly women and youth, can increase their capacity to contribute to these global goals.
Despite increasing evidence of the multiple benefits of biodiversity including for improving diets and nutrition, this paper explores the current challenges to better integrate biodiversity for improved nutrition in policies and programmes that tackle food and nutrition security.
In this paper, we analyze the link between nutrition and poverty in two Asian countries where monetary-based poverty reduction was especially successful. We find that poverty and income influence nutrition outcomes, but other factors such as mother’s height, education, migration and sanitation also affect nutrition. Our conclusion that non-monetary factors matter to reduce undernutrition, and, therefore, monetary poverty
reduction is not a sufficient condition, is further underlined by a prediction of future undernutrition rates based on regressions. Also, we find that, even under the assumption of high growth, income growth alone will not be able to reduce undernutrition to a level of low severity until the year 2030.
The NMNAP is organized in seven key result areas (KRAs) to reflect both life-course and multisectoral approaches. The interventions cover a series of complementary nutrition specific and nutrition sensitive interventions and an enhancement of the enabling environment for improved nutrition. Six task teams led by subject matter experts in the KRAs developed operational action plans on one or two KRAs. The operational action plans are summarized in chapter 5 and available separately as annexes 1-7.
Endingruralhunger.org is a toolkit to review and follow-up on this global goal by providing insight into each countries’ global efforts to end rural hunger. The data are systematically updated on an annual basis (Most recent update: Oct. 2017). Please find the latest reports and case studies on the Report page.